Gingivitis or pyorrhea is also known as inflammation of the gums, whereas periodontal or gum disease is an infection of the tissues surrounding the teeth. Bleeding gums and constant bad breath are often the first signs of gum disease. It has been established that both gingivitis and periodontal disease are caused by bacterial plaque; however, many other problems also contribute to these complications which have to be controlled in order to prevent these serious oral diseases. Some bad habits like smoking or excessive use of tobacco may increase the risk. In addition to this, crooked teeth and use of steroids may also lead to problematic gums.
Since bacterial plaque has been found to be one of the most prominent causes of gingivitis and periodontal disease, as a first step to prevent these conditions one should properly clean and brush their teeth. In addition to this, flossing and the use of oral devices such as irrigators and tongue cleaners also facilitate proper oral hygiene. If your teeth are badly stained due to excessive use of tea and tobacco products, you may want to have them cleaned by a dentist. The dentist will use devices like a tooth scraper to remove plaque from the surface of the teeth.
Sometimes improperly placed dental fillings and bridges may also contribute to gingivitis and gum disease. This is because such a treatment makes oral hygiene difficult to achieve and as a result plaque starts to accumulate attracting bacteria and eventually causing infections. If you fear that the procedures were not done properly or the fillings irritate you, you should see a dentist and have them replaced or reshaped. Similarly, if you wear braces you will have to take extra steps to clean and brush your teeth. In addition to manual toothbrushes and fluoride toothpastes, dental floss and fluoride rinse should also be employed to remove plaque effectively.
Some foods like those rich in sugar, drinking alcohol and smoking tobacco also contribute greatly to gingivitis and gum disease. Infections like periodontitis can be controlled by eating a well-balanced diet consisting of all important nutrients. If your body has a healthy immune system, it will fight against such infections on its own. However, low body resistance causes these infections to develop into serious complications which are difficult to cure. Stress is also a factor which reduces a person’s internal resistance to fight against diseases. Live a healthy and happy life to prevent oral problems like periodontal disease.
In some cases no warning signs appear that indicate the development of an oral infection. That is why it is advisable to have regular dental checkups to avoid conditions like swelling and pain. Do not neglect the importance of proper oral hygiene and self-examination at home. If you feel any pain, irritation or sensitivity to pressure on your teeth, immediately consult a dentist. The use of contraceptives, steroids and anti-depressants should also be reduced to bare minimum for healthy and strong teeth. If periodontal disease runs in your family you should arrange for regular checkups to prevent and control this condition.