The health needs of women are unique, and sometimes extra care has to be taken by woman when they change in terms of maturity, and when special health needs like menstruation and pregnancy require them to take extra oral care of themselves. Women are more affected by periodontal (gum) diseases, and the varying hormonal changes in a woman’s body make it more prone towards gum diseases and oral and throat cancer.
According to a study on woman’s oral diseases, statistics show that normally females brush their teeth 1.9 times a day, losing 5.4 teeth when they reach the age of 72, whereas, a smoking woman may lose 12 teeth by reaching the age of 72 years.
Periodontal diseases are caused by the plaque ( a sticky, colourless substance on the teeth which escapes from toothbrush and gets harden into ‘tartar’ ) containing bacteria and toxins which not only infect the tissues but also destroy the bone that supports the teeth. Tobacco, genetics, medications, bad hygiene and other diseases may be the reason of periodontal diseases.
Hormones and Gum Disease
The hormonal variations in a woman’s body may not only result into mood or health change but also they can be a cause of changed gum health in the following ways.
• In puberty, the increased level of sex hormones in a woman’s body results in increased blood circulation towards the gums, which can aggravate the gum’s sensitivity and its reactivity towards any change in the current health state of teeth such as plaque or leftover food particles action.
• In menstruation, the increased sensitivity of the gums may result into bleeding, swollen or red gums
• Pregnant women may also experience pregnancy gingivitis, i.e., swelled, bleeding, tendered or bright red gums tissues. If pregnancy gingivitis grows more, it can turn into tumour which is generally painless, but if it stays longer, it is removed by the periodontist.
• A menopausal woman may be a victim of mouth dryness, pain in the gum tissue and change of taste.
What Can You Do?
All those women who are noticing changes in their mouths following the hormonal changes must take extra periodontal care and take good oral hygiene throughout the period of their hormonal fluctuation.
Twice-daily thorough brushing and daily flossing between teeth help in fighting bacteria and prevents the plaque to make place between the teeth.
A yearly or bi-yearly professional dental check-up helps in repelling periodontal diseases.
Your dental professional should be kept informed about any medication or drug you are taking to decrease bacteria or plaque growth in your mouth.
To top it all, a healthy smile on a woman’s face can make it look even more beautiful than it actually is, and this can be brought by taking due care of the teeth’s health and taking every possible preventive measure to protect the gums and teeth from being infected by periodontal diseases.